Monday, January 20, 2020

The Physics of Space Shuttle Re-Entry :: physics science space

When in orbit the shuttle is positioned so that it is moving nose-first and the top of the shuttle is pointing towards the earth. The shuttle is positioned "bottom up" so that the black bottom will radiate the heat from the sun more effeciently. Step one for the shuttle is to turn around so that it is moving stern-first and then it fires it's engines in order to slow the shuttle so that it will drop out of orbit. Next the shuttle flips over so that it is right-side-up when it enters the atmosphere. Between step three and four the shuttle burns any excess fuel that it may still have so that there is less of a danger of explosion when the fuel tanks get hot durring re-entry. Step four is where the shuttle maintains an angle of about 40 degrees from the vertical and maintains an approach so that the shuttle slows down. After slowing to a speed where the shuttle can maneuver it will "fly" (remember, the shuttle has no more fuel so it has only one chance to land) in some final S shaped cu rves to slow some more and then land at a designated airport (as shown below). How Does the Shuttle Turn or Maneuver in Space? The basic means of movement for the space shuttle can be explained in Isaac Newton's laws F=Ma and for every action, there is an equal and oposite reaction. The force, on the space shuttle, is equal to the mass of the shuttle multiplied by its acceleration. By burning fuel in a rocket engine on the back of the shuttle, a force on the shuttle equal to the mass of fuel being "thrown" out the stern of the craft multiplied by its acceleration. This basic physics formula is very important to the shuttle getting up into space and to the beginning of its deceleration on its return to earth. Thus it has a very real impact on weather the shuttle will survive the trip through the earth's atmosphere back to land. When the shuttle first enters the earth's atmosphere it is traveling at speeds topping 30,000 km/h. The shuttle has to decelerate to 0 km/h after it lands. The acceleration that it must endure to slow the shuttle is an incredibly large force on the structure of the craft. When the shuttle is entering the atmosphere it must enter at an angle window of only a few degrees.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Bangle Sellers

The poem â€Å"Bangle Sellers† was first published in the year 1912 by Sarojini Naidu in her collection of poems called â€Å"The Bird of Time. † A group of bangle sellers is on its way to the temple fair to sell their bangles. One of them is the narrator of this poem. They are an impoverished and marginalized group of people whose income from the sales of their bangles is at the best of times uncertain and very meagre. However the bangles they sell are of religious and symbolic importance: no Indian widow is permitted to wear bangles. Hence the wearing of bangles is considered to be very auspicious and of symbolic value bordering on the religious. What is of great significance in the poem is that the bangle seller does not say a word about his/her poverty, nor does he/she say anything about the profit that he/she intends to make by selling his/her bangles at the temple fair where he/she will certainly do roaring sales. On the contrary he/she only concentrates on the human element of the product he/she is going to sell at the temple fair: Who will buy these delicate, bright Rainbow-tinted circles of light? Lustrous tokens of radiant lives, For happy daughters and happy wives. Sarojini Naidu has foregrounded the auspiciousness and the symbolic value of the custom of wearing bangles by repeating â€Å"happy. † The ‘happy' daughters look forward to their marital bliss while the ‘happy' wives are content and glory in the fulfillment which is a result of their marital status. Each of the next three stanzas deal with the three stages in the life of of an average Indian woman – a virgin maiden, an expectant bride and finally a mature matriarch. The bangles are of many colors. However, each stage in an Indian woman's life s described lyrically and appropriately according to the colour of the bangle suitable to that stage:for the maiden virgin who is always dreaming of a happily married life it is a misty silver and blue, for the expectant and passionate bride it is a golden yellow, and for the mature matriarch it is a â€Å"purple and gold flecked grey. † Simil arly Sarojini Naidu very poetically describes the longings of an Indian woman according to each stage of her life: the virgin maiden is carrying in her heart countless dreams of her future married life and she is compared to a â€Å"bud that dreams. The young bride is described as brimming over with passionate desire although she is nervous about what the future holds for her as she leaves her parental home – â€Å"bridal laughter and bridal tear. † Finally, she describes the proud and faithful matriarch who has attained fulfillment by successfully rearing her sons – â€Å"serves her house in fruitful pride -† and hence is permitted to take her rightful place by the side of her husband in all the domestic religious rituals.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Since The Beginning Of Times, In Every Group, Country,

Since the beginning of times, in every group, country, or society there has always been a leader. That leader now is called the president. The president is an important part in the development of a country because he is the figure to follow and without him the country would be uncontrolled and in total chaos. Therefore, it is always important to support and be informed about events and acts of our president. However, it is crucial to listen and analyze the inaugural address of the person that is taking the power, because this is a preview of the government that will come next. To prove this, we are going to analyze and compare Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural speech and John F. Kennedy inaugural speech; also, how the opening speech of†¦show more content†¦We can see that he refers to God in this sentence which he did through the whole speech saying that both sides read the same bible and pray to the same God so both prayers could not be answered. Also, Abraham Linco ln was stating that no one was guilty and that we all had to get together and make peace in order to be a better nation and stop the suffering and strives resulting of the civil war. It is important to bring up that a month after this speech the civil war came to an end. In John F. Kennedy’s inaugural speech, his main point is to give a hope and comfort to the United States and assure his position as leader, since he was elected during the Cold War. Also, that this was the time to act and that we have to fight for our rights and liberty. During the speech, he wanted to let the world know that we all do bad thing an as a nation they were willing to accept any consequences just to assure the survival and the liberty of the States. To illustrate, here is what he said â€Å"Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty† (Kennedy). Moreover, Kennedy wanted to let know America that the United States of America were willing to help the other countries in order to obtain liberty, and that the USA is not looking to conquer another country, this can be seen when he says â€Å"Let all our neighbors know that weShow MoreRelatedU.s. Involvement : An Argumentative Essay1130 Words   |  5 Pagesdozens of countries are stepping in to â€Å"make a difference.† When Syria’s Civil War broke out in 2011, the U.S. aided the rebels with non lethal supplies but the assistance soon shifted to training, funding, and intelligence. The U.S. has a specific goal in Syria, to retain peace and veer away from the use of chemical weapons. 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At the present time people with their unique culture, specific habits and traditions participate in our society. America is their home as well as ours. To live in peace together we have to understand, communicate and integrate with each other. But sometimes unforeseen events happen and crash the whole global hope for productive cooperation. On September 11, 2001, the tragedy in the USA shocked the whole world. It was the messageRead MoreThe Epic Of America By James Truslow Adams1330 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Dream has existed since the 16th century. For some, it was a matter of promoting that America was a land of plenty, for others, a land of opportunity and for a third group, land of destiny. However, it was not until 1931, when James Truslow Adams wrote the book The Epic of America, that the concept was established. It ended by defining itself as equal opportunities and the freedom that allows all citizens to achieve their goals in life only with effort and determination. Today, moreRead MoreThe Ku Klux Kl A Brief History1096 Words   |  5 PagesElizabeth Shanholtz History of Terrorism 333-001 November 10, 2015 â€Æ' The Ku Klux Klan In today’s world, Americans would like to classify our country as a â€Å"Melting Pot,† meaning that all people, of all cultures and backgrounds blend together and make one homogenous society. While this concept is not entirely true, it holds some aspects that help make this country so great. It gives the idea that everyone is equal and everyone receives the same opportunities as everyone else. It is a rather pleasant thought

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Analyse the Argument of the Existence of God from...

i) Analyse the Argument for the Existence of God from Religious Experience (18) The argument for the existence of God from Religious Experience is a simple one, with only two premises. The first being that some people have, or have had a religious experience, the second premise is that these are only explicable though God, thus leading to the conclusion that God exists. This leads us to question, what exactly are religious experiences? Theologians have struggled for centuries trying to define what a religious experience is, with many believing a religious experience to be a sort of revelation, meaning that God reveals some part of hi nature to the experient. St Thomas Aquinas believed that to be his Revealed Theology, where truths†¦show more content†¦Swinburnes third type is a strong feeling, a conviction that they were experiencing, even though there is no phenomena surrounding the experience. The penultimate type is witnessing a perfectly normal experience, such as the Grand Canyon, which creates a numinous experience. The final type of experience is in perceiving a very unusual public object, like a miracle, for instance, the resurrection. To help identify a religious experience, William James put forward four characteristics of a typical experience. The first being passivity: how in control the experient is; as whilst you undergo a religious experience, you take on an alternative personality outside of your own, surrendering your own control to God. The second quality is ineffability, where the experient cant quite put the occurrence into words. Another characteristic of a religious experience is the Noetic Quality of said experience. This quality is the knowledge that is gained in a religious experience, knowledge that cannot be gained in a conventional manner, and tells you something that you otherwise wouldnt know. The final quality is transciency, where the time the experience takes doesnt dictate the significance of the experience, as time is altered or distorted in some way, just as in a dream – the dream may seem really long, whereas in reality its only been a few minutesShow MoreRelatedDiscussion of D.Z . Phillips Conception of Immortality Essay1087 Words   |  5 Pagescommon sense, conceptions of what immortality means. Phillips argues that philosophical analyses centred on the notion of immortality have generally been constructed around certain essential presuppositions: presuppositions that assume some form of continuation of personal identity after death. 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Studying a combination of Bennetts theory and the theory of phenomenology will provide an understanding on whether there isRead More Creation and Evolution Essay3027 Words   |  13 Pagesconclusions concerning the issue of creation and evolution can be reached that do not conflict with personal beliefs or scientific theory. Introduction The issue of origins has been long debated over the past century. Groups exist who believe anything from strictly the Bible creation account to abiogenesis to anything in between. Proving and/or adapting theories on the origin of the Earth and the universe, has been an ongoing process since the beginning of the twentieth century. The debate concerningRead MoreBranches of Philosophy8343 Words   |  34 Pagesgood, law, property, and the rights and obligations of the citizen. †¢ Aesthetics deals with beauty, art, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, perception, and matters of taste and sentiment. †¢ Logic deals with patterns of thinking that lead from true premises to true conclusions, originally developed in Ancient Greece. Beginning in the late 19th century, mathematicians such as Frege focused on a mathematical treatment of logic, and today the subject of logic has two broad divisions: mathematical

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Comparing Dante s Inferno And Virgil s The Aeneid

There are many similarities between Dante’s The Inferno and Virgil’s The Aeneid, be it their characterizations or descriptive imagery, but foremost in their ideas of what the afterlife consisted of. Each each epic hero in the works here have descended in to the depths of hell, with The Inferno depicting Dante’s descent into the depths of hell and with Virgil in Book VI of The Aeneid depicting Aeneas’s decent into hell. It can be argued that although different, the knowledge acquired by each character’s descent was equally important to accomplishing their greater tasks at the ends of their journey. Had their descent into hell been skipped their outcomes would have concluded in a different way because their voyages to Hell each played a crucial role in the advancing each narrative. The Aeneid is a grand chronicle that charts Aeneas’ obstacles versus his accomplishments. Aeneas’s accomplishments entail escaping Juno’s wrath; leaving and finding love; and losing loved ones in war. Against all odds, Aeneas continued to achieve victory over all his potential downfalls. With some divine assistance, Aeneas continued to achieve victory over all his potential downfalls. With some divine assistance, Aeneas recognizes his need to help midway through his journey and needs to speak with his father, Anchises. In Book VI, he asks the Sibyl to grant him access into the underworld. Aeneas’ journey leads him to many discoveries. He discovers Leucaspis and Orontes are among â€Å"all in the nearby

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Pest Analysis of Sainsburys in a 3rd World Country free essay sample

Interest rate, economic growth, monetary and fiscal policy, inflation and the exchange rates are the important economic factors. These factors play a vital role in a firm’s business strategy and decision making. Every country has it’s own culture and the nation has a strong impact on their living. The social and cultural influences on business vary from country to country. Social  factors include the cultural aspects and include health consciousness, language, population growth rate, age distribution, career attitudes. Trends in social factors affect the demand for a companys products and how that company operates. For example, the roles of men and women in the society. Furthermore, companies may change various management strategies to adapt to these social trends Technological  factors have vital place in PEST analysis. Some markets are labour intensive and some are capital intensive. Technological factors determine  barriers to entry, minimum efficient production level and influence  outsourcing  decisions. It is one of the major drivers of globalization and is the base for competitive advantage. Innovation is offered to the customers or consumers through technology for example internet banking, smart phones etc. It also enables the firm to produce a product cheaply and to a better quality in standard. Pakistan is the sixth most populated country in the world with over 180 million people. It is estimated that the 25% of the population belongs to the middle income class. It is also estimated that 55% of the Pakistani population is in the 10-40 years age bracket. The upper middle-income class is estimated at 17 million with relatively high per capita income which favours more consumer spending. The average Pakistani consumer spends 42% of his income on food related products. The upcoming changes in demographic will create opportunities and challenges for businesses in Pakistan. Pakistan’s food retail sector is unorganised and highly dominated by independent small stores. Over the past few years, some large European food retailers have opened stores in all major Pakistani metropolitan cities like Makro, Metro and Carrefour (Hyper star). Pakistani families are attracted towards these stores due to their strategic location, multiple product range and imported processed food. Studies also show that there has been a significant shift to organized format of shopping from traditional format, in urban areas. This provides a challenging and profitable opportunity to other food retailers to enter the market. Sainsburys provides convenient shopping under one roof, has wide range of products, consumer friendly environment, large storage and discounted prices. These factors give Sainsburys an advantage over other food retailers currently present in Pakistan. If Sainsburys decides to enter in food retail sector then it has to perform a PEST analysis. PEST Analysis of Sainsburys in Pakistan : Political Factors : The political factors revolve around the current government in a country. Currently, in Pakistan, the ruling party is Pakistan People’s Party which was democratically elected in 2008. Though it is backed by western powers but still is considered to be a weak government. The basic questions arise such as how stable is the political or is there any government intervention in the economic policy making or laws and legislation protecting the businesses. Unfortunately, due to weak governments in the past, the security and corruption has been the key issues Pakistan has been facing over the the last decade. Which certainly is not a good sign for any foreign investors. However, giants in food-retail sectors like Metro and Carrefour ( hyper star) have set an example with an increasing growth in profit and expansion even in such circumstances. Sainsburys may enter in the Pakistani market with it’s variety of products which are available under one roof, as the increasing trend in urban areas shows, there will be high demand for it. Political factors may also include the goods and services which the governments want to provide or be provided. Sainsburys collects much of it’s revenue by selling it’s wide range of wines and spirits. Pakistani law prohibits the sale or consumption of any type of wines and spirits within its geographical boundaries, Sainsburys will not be allowed to sell it in their stores which may negatively affect their sales. Government of Pakistan ensures that there is foreign investment in Pakistan and it has signed a few trade agreements too. It also provides foreign investors the incentives to invest here. Partial ownership by the Pakistan government usually serves as an insurance policy for the share holders and the investors. Economic Factors: Extremely volatile oil prices are the root cause of global financial crisis in Pakistan which has also worsened the energy crisis. These two factors increase the cost of production. High inflation is a key resultant of it As Sainsburys produce much of it’s products in stores so they may go beyond their feasible region in producing a product. Interest rates are at their peak, economic growth is quite slow and this is due to the low level of lending and purchasing power of the consumer is weak. Though it is a labour intensive country and labour supply is quite high and also available at low cost than most other countries but unemployment is rising regardless of the above mentioned fact. The gap between rich and poor continues to expand and the percentage of poor is increasing everyday. However relatively quite cheaper labour may do a significant impact in Sainsburys production. It will also bring employment opportunities for young and skilled labour. Heavy loans from financial institutions like IMF and world bank has made the government in debt upto neck and there are no significant changes in sight. However financial aid packages in the name of war on terror and from the friends of Pakistan has kept the economy from collapsing. Pakistan has integrated with global economy and has brought positive impact on economy with increase in GDP. Despite of the worse conditions, Investing in such a country where cheap labour is available and more than half of the country’s population lies in the labour force, targeting middle-income class-keeping the fact in mind that government provides support to private investors would not be a bad decision. Social Factors : The culture and religion are very close to each other in Pakistan. As mentioned above this will affect the sales of wines and spirits of Sainsburys as it is not only prohibited by the dominant religion and prohibited by law but the targeted class does not accept it too. Health and Education are the two important sectors for any developing nations and Pakistan lack both of them and government of Pakistan fails to allocate the required budget in both the sectors. However, people like to shop and come with families to the big retail stores. There has been a significant shift from traditional to organized format. The studies show that 11% of the population tend to buy long life food related products in advance for a month. Sainsburys provides a healthy and safe environment to work with,which for a change would attract the people to work and shop here. In comparison to the past, women have also started to contribute in the labor force. Language will be a barrier for the citizens of Pakistan as english is not the first language in Pakistan. Buying imported products is considered a status symbol in Pakistan so there is a high demand for foreign products in Pakistan and is appreciated in the local market. According to studies people spend 42% of their income on food related products. So there will be high demand for a food related products provided by Sainsburys. Technological Factors : Technological expertise is overflowed in Pakistan as the labour supply and demand for IT professionals is high. There has been an improvement in the industrial sector but still the country’s imports are higher than exports. Since it is a labour intensive area and not capital intensive so use of technology higher the cost of production but shift to focus more on labour may help Sainsburys to produce it’s products relatively cheaper. There is also a trend of buying products online seen. Sainsburys already provides the service of buying it’s products online which saves much time so the typical â€Å"9-5† workforce can also be targeted.

Monday, December 2, 2019

What was Plato8217s worldview and how do humans ex Essay Example For Students

What was Plato8217s worldview and how do humans ex Essay ist within it Plato lived in a very exciting time in history. The post-Socratic era had merits for exploration totally new to him. The idea that science and reason could be applied to more than static issues such as logistics and geometry, allowing the thinking men of the time the opportunity to examine the world around them with structured thought. He, like his mentor, was not happy with what science gave as answers to life. Though it gave a structure the world, It denoted a typically atheist view on the world. We will write a custom essay on What was Plato8217s worldview and how do humans ex specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Plato had strong ideas about right and wrong, and other abstract ideas in general, but could not relinquish such a powerful tool as scientific reason or Grecian theories on the atomic nature of the world, so used them in his work. One of Platos core philosophies was what he called The Forms. He postulated a duality that spanned the planes of human existence. The world around him was made entirely of crude matter that could only represent the purity of the next life, in the plane of the forms. If we examine any object (for arguments sake a glass) we should be able to identify what it is without having to think to hard. It is our ability to connect objects that arent atomically identical to the same ilk that Plato found fascinating. How does a common understanding of what is glass arise? We could scorn any deeper meaning of this by saying that we can tell a glass is a glass by examining its function, but then consider common ideas such as justice. Even in cross-cultural examination common human concepts can be found. To Plato they were proof of a common human existence before this one, where these notions were first given to us. Thus was born the plane of the forms. Plato concluded that the corporeal world was illusionary on this principle. He thought that the world (his world of shadows) was merely a corruption of the reality of forms that exists for us before and after. All the worrying about the matters that concern us in our earthly lives only distracts the pursuit of happiness and wisdom that Plato saw as the purpose of life. He took this further when he went on to describe the relationship between the body and the soul. In Christian philosophy the body is the corporeal perfection that houses an equally perfect (though intangible) soul. Both are human; both are perfect; both come from a divine God. To Plato however the body was scorned as a crude vessel for a form of a person. It had some benefits that cannot be ignored, the possibilities for family, wealth and earthly happiness, but these paled in comparison to the world of the forms. Plato conceded to say that although there is no inherit evil in these pleasures, they should only be indulged minimally as the truer gift in life is to seek the form inside us. Platos belief was that we are all representations of the pure form of ourselves that existed in the life before, and as soon as we are born we start to corrupt (in modern thinking, the development of filters), mutating the ideals and spiritual luggage we carried inside us in our transition from the life before. . This is how isolated peoples on earth form similar ideas about justice, and what it means to treat people well. It is the body that causes this mutation of ideas. One of the core principles as to why the body is not to be taken as the be all and end all of existence unfortunately relies on now archaic Grecian scientific knowledge. .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 , .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .postImageUrl , .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 , .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:hover , .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:visited , .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:active { border:0!important; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:active , .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034 .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub374d60c2fbccaf23d04e2d3977e6034:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Against Affirmative Action Essay One of the Greeks crowning achievements was the concept of indivisibles, or atoms, as we know them today. The idea of things that are elementary to material existence being imperishable, due to their very nature, was eagerly adopted by Plato. He argued that the body, being made up of many smaller units, would soon disassemble. This gives material life the temporary and unimportant spin the Plato had searched to explain properly. This meant that any beauty in the world was less than it could .